Strengthening the Institutional Framework for In-Use Vehicle Emissions Testing
Client - Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation Okapi worked with TERI and the Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation to analyse the institutional framework for vehicle emissions testing at the national and state level in India. We developed a variety of institutional design upgrades to strengthen the in-use inspection and maintenance regime.
Indo-California Air Pollution Mitigation Program
Client - UC San DiegoOkapi experts worked with an interdisciplinary group of researchers and policymakers from The Energy And Resources Institute (Delhi), California Air Resources Board, University of California, San Diego, and various state governments in India to develop an action plan for reducing transport-related air pollution. Okapi's contribution focused on institutional design for implementing the recommended policy and governance measures
Clean Cooking Innovation
Client - World Bank GroupOkapi is working with The World Bank, Tata Trusts, and the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy to design a hybrid inducement prize and incubator to promote the development of a low-emission user-friendly, rapidly deployable, biomass stove. While there are are many options for cooking, biomass remains an important fuel source across much of India and there is substantial room to use it in a cleaner, more efficient way.
Clean Cooking: Private Sector Capacity
Client - World Bank Group
The project analyses the actual and latent private sector capacity to contribute to a widespread shift in cooking practices in India.
Development Roadmap: Mini Grid Interconnection
Client - Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation and Asha Impact Trust
Okapi has undertaken a project with the support of the Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation and the Asha Impact Trust to develop a roadmap for interconnection of decentralized renewable energy (DRE) mini grids with the national grid, in order to move toward an integrated electricity system that can better serve energy-deprived regions of India. The project includes extensive stakeholder consultations with both public and private sector stakeholders along with analysis of recent policy and regulatory developments, with a focus on understanding the various models of interconnection and the associated techno-commercial challenges and opportunities.
SME Clean Energy Innovation Ecosystem Mapping Study in India: Understanding Financial and Technical Barriers, the Role of Ecosystem Actors and How to Strengthen the Ecosystem
Client - WWF India
Clean energy innovation will play an important role in enabling India to secure much-needed energy access, economic growth and development while avoiding increasing air and climate-affecting emissions. This innovation must also be inclusive, in the sense not only of its fruits being made available to a wide range of individuals, households, and businesses; but also in the sense of it being shaped by and benefiting a wide range of suppliers including domestic small and medium enterprises. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are a major resource to marshal toward technology and business model innovation that enables wider availability of clean energy. A collaboration between WWF-India and Okapi, this Study seeks to Identify challenges and opportunities in the clean energy innovation ecosystem particularly for SMEs in order to better understand the key elements of the innovation ecosystem around SMEs addressing clean energy in India and the broader dynamics of this ecosystem. The ecosystem mapping analysis aspect of this Study will help policy makers, the finance community (government and private), and innovators better understand the key challenges faced by the SME sector, who the key actors are regionally and nationally, and how they can connect with and support innovators.
Beyond Off Grid: Integrating Mini Grids with India's Evolving Electricity System
Client - Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, Asha Impact and The Rockefeller FoundationIndia has ambitious targets for providing electrification to all its
villages by May 2018 and 24x7 power to all households by March
2019. Part of this goal will be achieved by expansion of the national
grid, as well as the amount of power that flows through it. But
it will also require an expansion of off-grid electricity provided
by private energy service companies (ESCOs). These companies,
often small and medium enterprises operating in rural areas with
unreliable or no grid electricity, provide a range of services from
generation and distribution to user services and maintenance
through mini-grids, often based on renewable energy (solar or
biomass). This report addresses the policy, regulatory, and market
infrastructure needed for these two sets of electricity providers- ESCOs and the national grid – to co-exist and collaborate to accelerate energy access.
Air Insight: A Hybrid Civic Network for Air Quality Information in India
Client - Shell India Markets Pvt Ltd Okapi has been engaged by Shell India Market Pvt Ltd. to identify ways to support a sustainable energy transition as India urbanizes. After comprehensive research and stakeholder interaction, we have identified a small set of initiatives that could catalyze policy, private sector, and community efforts toward adoption of lower emission, more efficient, energy sources and use technologies.
Air Insight is one of the initiatives. Public awareness about the hazards of air pollution is on the rise, as is willingness to pay for mitigation and avoidance. Political will to act to reduce emissions is also increasing. The information base to direct this momentum toward cost-effective and efficacious action, however is lacking. India’s monitoring network is limited to larger cities, of which only a few have high enough resolution data to provide accurate neighborhood-level readings. Source apportionment – linking air pollution to its sources - is similarly limited and there are contradictions between extant studies. Civil society, citizen scientists, and academics are contributing additional data, but these observations vary in quality and often remain in silos.
Our goal is to provide a scalable infrastructure upon which this knowledge base can be built. We aim to build a platform for aggregating and integrating various data streams as well as leveraging developments in data science to help draw out additional insights from the fast-growing population of low-cost sensors. In doing so, we aim to enable citizens, communities and policymakers to make more informed, efficient, innovative decisions to reduce ambient air pollution and avoid exposure. The vision is that such efforts to improve air quality would accelerate India’s transition to a more sustainable energy profile including primary mix, technologies for use, and emissions controls.